The Spectrum of Teaching Styles (The Spectrum) is a unified theory that defines the teaching-learning relationship as a chain of decision making between the teacher and learner/s.

When this concept is applied 11 styles emerge on The Spectrum of Teaching Styles. Evolving from (but not limited to) a Physical Education context, The Spectrum of Teaching Styles has most recently been explored in its application to sport coaching. The non-versus approach taken by The Spectrum places students and athletes at the centre of their learning and, with scalpel-like precision, clearly defines who (player or coach) is making decisions in each style. This clarity allows teachers, students, players and coaches to have their behaviours and decision-making clearly defined and provides a common language for players, coaches and practitioners to talk about coaching styles. For teachers and coaches interested in the wholistic development of the student/athlete, The Spectrum provides a detailed framework for achieving multiple outcomes through their work such as social, physical, ethical, emotional and social development.

This series of workshops will provide:

  • Introduction to The Spectrum and the concept of Coach as educator
  • Summary of the 11 teaching/coaching styles
  • Detailed description of each style and the decisions made by students/players and teachers/coaches in each style to assist teachers/coaches being successful when implementing the style
  •  Outlines the strengths of each style and what they can achieve, all the time backed up with research over 50 years
  • Numerous practical examples of the application of each style to a range of sports including Australian football, cricket, tennis, baseball, canoeing, rock climbing and netball to name a few
  • Teaching/Coaching to develop social skills, self-analysis and error correction, teach athletes to decide on appropriate practice levels or challenge points, problem solving, solution generation and the design and implementation of coaching episodes for themselves as a player-coach
  • Show how The Spectrum can be used in Physical Education Teacher Education situations or teacher education in schools for all teachers regardless of subject matter.
  •  For the first time, show how The Spectrum can be a powerful model in achieving numerous outcomes in Outdoor Education situations.

Based on over 50 years of research from coaching, physical education pedagogy and motor learning and offering the most comprehensive application of The Spectrum to coaching, The Spectrum of Coaching Styles is important reading for coaches, athletes, students and lecturers of sports coaching across any sport if you want to succeed in coaching for multiple outcomes.

This workshop will provide a brief history of The Spectrum, its basic tenets, and the 11 Landmark teaching styles which emerge when teaching is defined as a chain of decision making. Armed with this knowledge we will explore the styles strengths and what they can achieve, and how Spectrum knowledge provides teachers with a toolkit of styles to deal with any curriculum document or learning objective.
We will provide practical examples of how The Spectrum can aid teachers in meeting learning outcomes from syllabus documents from the UK, Australia, NZ and Sweden to name a few. The final part of this workshop will also demonstrate how The Spectrum assists teachers who use models based practice (MBP) to implement chosen models with greater fidelity by providing the ‘how to’ in the form of the micro-pedagogies needed.

Date & Time: Saturday 19 February 2022 @ 15:00 HK Time (GMT+8)
PE Department Heads
PE Teachers

The Spectrum provides a tool for pedagogical accountability (Ashworth, 1992); that is, the preparation of teachers who can teach effectively. Furthermore, we tender that the concept of foregrounding pedagogy with the learner central in teacher pedagogical decision making is more likely to position PETE as transformative studies in physical education (Pill & Brown, 2007) as the Spectrum provides a mechanism to disrupt the still common but long criticised technocratic and movement as-techniques (Kirk, 2010) student experience commonly constructed as Demonstration—Explanation—Execution—Evaluation (Mosston, 1966).

This workshop outlines three ways that academics in PETE have used The Spectrum to inform their students knowledge and development as HPE teachers. In particular, we will deep dive with Joss Rankin (Flinders Uni, Australia) as he outlines the reasons why Flinders chose The Spectrum, the changes he has seen and the outcomes or value-adding that The Spectrum provides preparing undergraduate HPE teachers to become teachers with a high level of Spectrum knowledge, and most importantly, the skills to confidently use The Spectrum to meet the learners needs and syllabus objectives/outcomes.

Date & Time: Saturday <> @ 15:00 HK Time (GMT-8)

University Lecturers in PE
PE Department Heads
PE Teachers

This workshop will show an adaptation of The Spectrum to sport coaching and how to apply the idea of a Spectrum of Sport Coaching Styles as a chain of coach decision making. Armed with this knowledge we will explore what each style can achieve. We will show how The Spectrum as a non-verses approach to pedagogical decision-making helps coaches see past the ‘models advocacy’ as coaching is a series of teaching episodes and so a cluster of styles, not a style, is required for the desired outcomes of practice sessions. For coach developers, we will show how the Spectrum of Coaching Styles can be used in coach development to assess philosophy-teaching practice-learning intention alignment. Sport coaching is now recognised as a specialised field of education and the sport coach is acknowledged as an educator. The Spectrum provides a pedagogical model based in an education rationale.

Date & Time: Saturday <> @ 15:00 HK Time (GMT-8)

Athletic Coaches
Other Coaches
Sports Coaches
PE Teachers

This workshop will provide a brief history of The Spectrum, its basic tenets, and the 11 Landmark teaching styles which emerge when teaching is defined as a chain of decision making. Armed with this knowledge we will explore the styles strengths and what they can achieve, and how Spectrum knowledge provides teachers with a toolkit of styles to deal with any curriculum document or learning objective. Further consideration can then be given to the application of a Spectrum of Teaching Styles to teaching and learning in Outdoor Education or more specifically for adventurous outdoor pursuits. In this workshop, Joss will show how many learning experiences in Outdoor Education are a cluster of styles as well as presenting key considerations for risk assessment and management when applying the Spectrum in these settings.

Date & Time: Saturday <> @ 15:00 HK Time (GMT-8)

Outdoor education specialists
Any teacher who leads outdoor education trips


Date and Time
19 February 2022 | 16:00

Each session takes place between 5-6pm GMT+8
Sessions are recorded for later reference

Reference Start Times

Hong Kong – 5pm
London – 10am
Cape Town – 11am
New Delhi – 2:30pm
Bangkok – 4pm
Seoul – 6pm
Sydney – 7pm
Add your city


Brendan Suesee

Senior Lecturer, University of Southern Queensland

Brendan SueSee obtained his PhD from QUT, Brisbane, Australia in 2012. He was a high school teacher for 21 years and taught health and physical education, geography and history. He has worked at the University of Southern Queensland (USQ) for 6 years. Brendan lectures in courses related to HPE curriculum and pedagogy. His research interests include teaching styles, alignment between HPE syllabus documents and reporting, and cognition. He has co-authored two books on The Spectrum – The Spectrum of Teaching Styles in Physical Education (2020) and The Spectrum of Sports Coaching Styles.

Shane Pill

Associate Professor in Physical Education and Sport, Flinders University

Shane is a multiple award-winning teacher, teacher educator, and sports coach. He is an experienced chair and board member of peak professional associations for health, physical education, and recreation.

Mitchell Hewitt

Education Project Manager Tennis Australia PE teacher PhD Adjunct A/Prof University Canberra Adjunct Lecturer USQ

Mitch is the education project manager for Tennis Australia. He regularly engages with over 25 tertiary institutions in Australia to provide professional learning to pre-service teachers, human movement and sports coaching students. These lectures and practical tutorials include applying the various teaching styles located on The Spectrum using tennis as a vehicle.

Joss Rankin

Senior Lecturer, Flinders University

My name is Joss Rankin and I am a senior lecturer in the College of Education, Psychology and Social Work at Flinders University. I currently coordinate the Bachelor of Education (Secondary Health and Physical Education) and teach a range of topics including the first-year Foundation Studies of Physical Education and the suite of Outdoor Education topics on offer. Following my work as an outdoor instructor and sport coach I have worked in Education as a Health and Physical Education and Outdoor Education teacher. I undertook my roles in a range of schools in both regional and metropolitan South Australia as well as Cambridgeshire in England before moving to tertiary education to work as a lecturer in Health and Physical Education. I have been involved in a range of sporting, education and outdoor organisations and continue to connect with schools and community groups through a range of partnerships. As a member of the Outdoor Educators Association of South Australia and the Australian Council for Health, Physical Education and Recreation, I enjoy sharing the work that I am fortunate to engage with at a range of conferences and aim to continue to advocate for embodied, meaningful and authentic learning experiences that utilise a Spectrum of Teaching Styles.